The underwater fauna and flora of the Sea of Japan, by the species diversity of its inhabitants, ranks first among the seas of our country! The movement of cold and warm water masses creates favorable conditions for the existence of both heat-loving and northern species of flora and fauna.
In our article we will consider one of the species of commercial bivalve mollusks of the south of the Far East, the Japanese corbicula – Corbicula japonica Prime.
Bicuspid mollusks of the genus Corbicula (Corbicula) are a group of small brackish and freshwater mollusks that are widespread throughout the world. Due to its nutritional and medicinal value, these mollusks are important commercial objects.
The corbicular shell is trigonal, high, with a prominent crown. The outer surface consists of almost regular concentric rollers and is covered with thick dark brown or black periostracum. From the inside, the shell color is purple, sine is absent. The Japanese korbikul is the only shell that has “blood”.
The largest copy of Corbicula reaches a length of about 60 mm. In China and Japan, corbicula reaches sexual maturity at 2-3 years of life with a shell length of 15-20 mm and can live to the age of 10, reaching a length of more than 40 mm. Whereas in the south of Primorye, the Japanese Corbicula reaches the size of 62 mm along the length of the shell. Different mollusk growth rates are explained by the difference in water temperatures during most of the year.
With a decrease in water temperature in the fall, mollusks begin to burrow into the ground, the maximum depth of digging is 45 cm.
As for the healing properties of corbicula, otherwise it is also called the „sea healer“ . The muscle tissue of these mollusks is significantly different from other seafood. So, in comparison with fish, the meat of mollusks contains 5-8 times more carbohydrates, which form proteins with proteins or lipids that can stimulate a person’s immune system and have an antilipemic effect. Natural water-soluble (B1, B2, B6, PP, C, etc.) and fat-soluble (A, E, O, K, etc.) vitamins are present in the tissues.
The systematic use of Corbicula is very useful for the prevention of myocardial infarction and the elimination of blood clots. Shellfish contain substances (taurine, glycine) that regulate blood sugar and cholesterol metabolism, as well as antioxidant compounds necessary for the treatment of hypertension, arthritis, liver, and for tissue regeneration after radiation damage.
Fabrics of mollusks are rich in potassium, selenium, iodine, fluorine.
Biomedical and clinical trials have proven that extracts from fresh and frozen corbicules are useful as an effective prophylactic or auxiliary therapeutic agent for acute toxic hepatitis and chronic liver damage.
Extracts have hepatoprotective activity and affect the functional state of the liver. They normalize the activity of liver enzymes, prevent the development of pathological changes typical of acute hepatitis.
Constant intake of corbicula extract protects internal organs from toxic destruction and contributes to the recovery of the liver in chronic alcoholism.
The Japanese believe that sudzimi corbicula soup is an effective jaundice medicine. Regular consumption of Corbicula broth stimulates the regeneration of liver cells, normalizes the activity of liver enzymes, prevents the development of pathological changes in the cell structure of the liver, and is recommended for toxic and alcoholic hepatitis. Japanese Carbicula is a part of unique drugs developed by scientists of the Far East – Bilanorm , Sea cocktail with corbicula .