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The invertebrate marine aquatic trepang or “sea ginseng” has long been known in Southeast Asia both as a delicacy and as a medicinal product that has tonic properties.
Rich trepang stocks in Primorye. The Golden Horn Bay, because of the abundance of these animals in it, was even called by the indigenous people as the bay where Trepang lives. Typically, trepang lives on placers of stones, boulders and in the thickets of algae. Slowly moving on the sand with the help of small legs, he with his tentacles captures soil particles together with microorganisms and digests them. 

Fishing trepang produced from fishing bots, equipped with equipment for divers. Divers in light diving suits down to the bottom. They are connected to bots with a strong rope and move along the bottom, collecting trepangs in baskets. When the collection of trepangs in one section is completed, the divers climb aboard, the vessel moves a little, again lowers the diver, and he collects a new batch of trepangs.

 

Medicine in China, Malaysia and other Asian countries uses trepangs against hypertension, asthma, rheumatism, and to increase potency .

Numerous biologically active substances (BAS) with properties very important for health have been isolated from sea ginseng.

BAV trepang

Trepangs contain the original combination of valuable amino acids: glycine (up to 12.5% ​​of the wet weight), glutamic acid (up to 7.3%), aspartic acid (up to 5.1%), alanine (up to 5.8%), arginine ( to 4.95%), triterpene glycosides, lipids, hexosamines, methionine, prostaglandins, organically bound iodine, various trace elements, vitamins C, B1, B2, B3, B6, B12, PP, A, K, and others.

Glycine

Promotes good sleep, reduces the negative effects of alcohol and side effects of pharmaceuticals, improves mood, reduces the risk of violations of the autonomic vascular system.

Glutamic acid

Participates in the transmission of nerve impulses, an important participant in the metabolism, serves as a source of energy for brain cells.

Aspartic acid

It is a neurotransmitter, improves vision. Increases the amount of testosterone in the male body.

Alanine

Participates in the development of antibodies, it successfully fights against all kinds of viruses, including the herpes virus, is used to treat various immune diseases and disorders, reduces anxiety and irritability. Taking alanine in the form of medicines and dietary supplements reduces headaches.

Arginine

It has a positive effect on the functioning of the cardiovascular system, due to the property to maintain normal cholesterol levels in the blood, which causes vasodilation, which prevents the formation and growth of atherosclerotic plaques. 
Takes part in the production of insulin, promotes the formation of growth hormone, which reduces body fat and increases muscle mass. It has a beneficial effect on the function of the prostate gland , causing an increase in the number of sperm, improves blood circulation in the genitals and creates prerequisites for a stable and prolonged erection. The scientists who discovered arginine were awarded the Nobel Prize.

Trepang triterpene glycosides have a strong antifungal effect. They are active against a very wide range of fungi, viruses and bacteria.

Methionine

Participates in the restoration of liver and kidney tissues and contributes to the removal of toxins from the body, stimulates an increase in the level of antioxidants and is involved in fat metabolism, reducing cholesterol.

Prostaglandins

They act on the tone of smooth muscles of various organs, reduce the secretion of gastric juice and reduce its acidity, reduce inflammation and allergic reactions, positively affect the activity of the reproductive system, are of great importance in regulating the activity of the kidneys and positively affect various endocrine glands.

What is useful trepang

Antiangiogenic effect

In a healthy organism, the active processes of angiogenesis (the formation of new blood vessels) proceed only during the period of intrauterine development of the embryo, and the adult organism needs to create new vessels only during pregnancy or to heal wounds. The appearance and growth of a malignant tumor radically change the situation. At the time of its appearance, the tumor is surrounded only by already existing vessels that feed only normal tissues. The additional vessels that feed the tumor and promote its growth, and suppress anti-angiogenic substances.

Cytotoxic effect

Trepang contains chemicals that can cause pathological changes in tumor cells and cause them to die.

Anticoagulant effect

It promotes slower blood clotting and prevents the formation of blood clots, which can cause strokes, heart attacks, deadly pulmonary thromboembolism or thrombosis of the legs.

Antihypertensive effect – reducing high blood pressure.

Hypocholesterolemic effect – the level of cholesterol decreases, the condition of the vessels improves and their elasticity increases.

The anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antiparasitic (antifungal) activities of the biologically active substance trepang are very important.

In order to translate the active substances in soluble, easily digestible form, using the method of enzymatic hydrolysis .

In animal experiments, it has been proven that the biologically active substances of the sea cucumber accelerate and normalize the production of sperm . Extracts of the Far Eastern trepang help cleanse all vessels, including those that supply the genitals with blood for a full erection .